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Where Is The Backstop In The Withdrawal Agreement

What is the big picture behind the Brexit backstop drama? Under the draft withdrawal agreement, the UK would enter a “transition period” after Brexit (currently 31 October 2019). The backstop remains the main obstacle to Brexit negotiations with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who insists that the mechanism be removed from the withdrawal agreement, but the EU refuses to remove the backstop from the withdrawal agreement. The bloc points out that London has already approved the “backstop” and sees Johnson`s letter as an attempt to blame the EU for the failure of the negotiations. Prime Minister Johnson called the backstop “undemocratic” and called for its removal from the divorce agreement. The terms of the backstop were finalized in November 2018. It seems unlikely that the EU will sign a withdrawal agreement that does not include the Irish backstop or anything very similar. On 23 March 2018, EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the framework for future eu-UK relations. The EU has refused to set a timetable for the backstop line and hardline supporters fear it will link the UK indefinitely to the EU. On 13 November 2018, a modest speech was presented in the House of Commons calling for the release of legal advice given to the government on the proposed EU withdrawal agreement. The government`s response was presented to Parliament on December 3 by Attorney General Geoffrey Cox. However, the next day it was considered incomplete by MPs, which resulted in a vote in which, for the first time in history, the UK government failed to respect Parliament. [67] A number of bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements have made goods controls less intrusive; The completion of the European internal market in 1992 led to the end of goods controls. However, during the riots in Northern Ireland, British military checkpoints occurred at major border crossings and British security forces made some, but not all, crossing points impassable.

In 2005, in the implementation phase of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, the last of the border checkpoints was abolished. [1] On 17 October 2019, EU Heads of State and Government And Boris Johnson agreed on a revised withdrawal agreement, which replaced the backstop with a new protocol. [71] [72] In essence, this project would de facto keep Northern Ireland in the EU customs union and in the internal goods market (including the introduction of EU VAT), while allowing Britain to deviate. In December 2019, Labour announced that it had received an HM Treasury Paper with the Freedom of Information Act 2000, which appears to show that the Prime Minister`s draft agreement would require certain types of two-way customs checks between Britain and Northern Ireland. [73] In his letter, Johnson stated that the backstop “cannot be part of an agreed withdrawal agreement” and must be replaced by a “commitment” to conclude “alternative agreements” before the end of the post-Brexit transition period.

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